Victoria V. Zemlyanko, Nadezhda S. Kuragina, Vadim A. Sagalaev TYPES OF MYCOBIOTA OF VOLGOGRAD REGION AND PROSPECTS OF THEIR USE AS A SOURCE OF BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES FOR COSMETIC PURPOSES

DOI:https://doi.org/10.15688/nsr.jvolsu.2021.1.7

Victoria V. Zemlyanko, Student, Department of Biology, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Nadezhda S. Kuragina, Senior Lecturer, Department of Biology, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Vadim A. Sagalaev, Doctor of Sciences (Biology), Associate Professor, Department of Biology, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract. The article for the first time provides a consolidated list of mushrooms of Volgograd region used in cosmetology due to the presence of biologically active substances in their composition, for example, the polysaccharide glucuronoxylomannan. These compounds have immunostimulating, radioprotective, antiinflammatory, antioxidant and anti-allergenic effects. Thanks to this, masks and creams containing these substances tone and restore the skin, while lotions and tonics strengthen the hair structure. The inventory of mycobiota was carried out using the route method. Each route was about 10 km long. The mushrooms found in laboratory conditions were identified by the microscopic analysis of the samples using modern methods of light microscopy and a standard set of chemical reagents (5% KOH alkali solution, Meltzer’s reagent). MIKMED-5 light microscope was used to study the microscopic structures and determine the samples. As a result of research in 2018–2020, 8 species of macromycetes used in cosmetology were identified in the mycobiota of the region: Amanita muscaria (L.), Calvatia gigantea (Batsch) Lloyd, Ganoderma lucidum (Curtis) P. Karst., Grifola frondosa (Dicks.) Gray, Inonotus obliquus (Fr.) Pilát, Phallus impudicus L., Trametes versicolor (L.) Lloyd, Tremella mesenterica Retz. Their extracts are widely used in the cosmetic industry by various brands, in particular, Venets Sibiri, Etude House, Sabai Thai Authentic SPA, Briogeo, Dr. Ceuracle, Nollam Lab, D’Ran, Pulanna, BioAqua, Von-U, Secrets Lan, The Skin House. The following species are regularly found in the study area: mushroom Ganoderma lucidum, which grows only on a living tree Quercus robur L.; Trametes versicolor – on stumps, dead trunks and branches of Populus alba L., P. nigra L.; Tremella mesenterica – on dead branches and branches of weakened trees Populus alba, P. nigra.

Key words: mushrooms, macromycetes, Volgograd region, cosmetics, brand.

Citation. Zemlyanko V.V., Kuragina N.S., Sagalaev V.A. Types of Mycobiota of Volgograd Region and Prospects
of Their Use as a Source of Biologically Active Substances for Cosmetic Purposes. Prirodnye sistemy i resursy
[Natural Systems and Resources], 2021, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 50-54. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nsr.jvolsu.2021.1.7

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