Kladovshchikova M.E. Terrace Agriculture of the Hani People – Cultural Heritage of the South-West China

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu11.2015.1.8
 
Kladovshchikova Mariya Evgenyevna
Ph.D. in Geography, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Geomorphology,
Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences
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Abstract. The article presents the features of terrace agriculture of Hani and Yi indigenous minorities, living in the Yunnan province in the South-West China, just a step away from the Laos and Vietnam boundaries. The cultural landscape of the Hani rice terraces, included into the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2013 (Cultural Landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces), expresses the conservation of the minorities’ course of life during the last 1 300 years. The geological framework, climate patterns and conform type of vegetation predefine the specific character of natural conditions necessary for terrace agriculture and red rice growth – the most important crop within the region. At that, the landscape picture which fully reflects the season fluctuations of regional subtropical climate, also facilitates to aesthetic and romantic perception forming, symbolizing man-made environment integral and interlaced into natural landscape. The special focus is made on the description of terraced slopes unique morphology and ancient land cultivation technologies for the essential regional culture – red rice. Preservation of centuries-old traditions of efficient agriculture makes it possible to achieve integration of cultural and natural landscapes, that seamlessly comprises the ethnic minorities’ life, as well as to prevent development of erosion and landslide slope processes. The elements of the traditional Hani people way of life, including ritual customs associated with terrace agriculture, are particularly described.
Key words: terrace agriculture, rice terraces, cultural landscape, landscape aesthetics, Yunnan, UNESCO World Heritage, national minorities, Hani people.

Лицензия Creative Commons
Произведение «TERRACE AGRICULTURE OF THE HANI PEOPLE – CULTURAL HERITAGE OF THE SOUTH-WEST CHINA» созданное автором по имени Kladovshchikova M.E., публикуется на условиях лицензии Creative Commons «Attribution» («Атрибуция») 4.0 Всемирная.

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