Elena V. Kalmykova, Elena A. Ivantsova, Nikolay Yu. Petrov, Olga V. Kalmykova INFLUENCE OF A BIOLOGICAL PREPARATION BASED ON A LIPID EXTRACT OF MORTIERELLA ALPINA MUSHROOM ON THE REDUCTION OF SOIL OIL POLLUTION

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nsr.jvolsu.2022.1.1

Elena V. Kalmykova, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Researcher, Irrigation Melioration Department, Irrigation Technology Modeling Laboratory, All-Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture, Timiryazev St, 9, 400002 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Elena A. Ivantsova, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Director of the Institute of Natural Sciences, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  

Nikolay Yu. Petrov, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of Technology of Storage and Processing of Agricultural Raw Materials and Public Catering, Volgograd State Agrarian University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 26, 400002 Volgograd, Russian Federation,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  

Olga V. Kalmykova, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Technology of Storage and Processing of Agricultural Raw Materials and Public Catering, Volgograd State Agrarian University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 26, 400002 Volgograd, Russian Federation,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  


Abstract. The Lower Volga region is a major producer of vegetable products, and in particular tomato crops, which ranks fourth among the main vegetable crops. Determining the stability of a tomato culture in open ground conditions to anthropogenic influences, including soil pollution with oil products under the influence of biological products based on biologically active polyunsaturated fatty acids of the fungus Mortierella alpina, is very timely and relevant. Under the influence of oil pollution, deep and sometimes irreversible changes in morphological, physical, physicochemical, microbiological properties occur in the soil, leading to loss of land productivity, and often complete degradation of landscapes, which negatively affects the growth and development of plants growing on these soils. The article presents the results of long-term (2013-2020) studies in open ground tomato crops of agrochemical and microbiological indicators of light chestnut soils of the Lower Volga subzone contaminated with oil against the background of the use of the biological preparation Biodux. Oil of various concentrations was used as a soil pollutant. As a result of the research, it was proved that changes in the agrochemical and microbiological properties of light chestnut soils in the Lower Volga region are directly related to the concentration of oil products. Thus, soil samples contaminated with oil at a concentration of 10% showed the most negative effect on the studied parameters and soil properties. Changes in the biological activity of soils under the influence of oil products on them, first of all, were reflected in the growth, development and, ultimately, the productivity of vegetable crops. Under the influence of the studied drug Biodux, when used for presowing and vegetative treatment, the formation of resistance to stressful conditions of crop growth in the Nizhnevolzhsky region was noted in tomato plants.

Key words: oil pollution of soils, agrochemical properties of soils, microbiological properties of soils, biopreparation, Biodux, Lower Volga region.

Citation. Citation. Kalmykova E.V., Ivantsova E.A., Petrov N.Yu., Kalmykova O.V. Influence of a Biological Preparation Based on a Lipid Extract of Mortierella Alpina Mushroom on the Reduction of Soil Oil Pollution. Prirodnye sistemy i resursy [Natural Systems and Resources], 2022, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 5-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nsr.jvolsu.2022.1.1

Лицензия Creative CommonsHorse Ammunition. From the History of a Saddle by Lukyashko S.I. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

Attachments:
Download this file (1_Kalmykova etc..pdf) 1_Kalmykova etc..pdf
URL: https://ns.jvolsu.com/index.php/en/component/attachments/download/791
40 Downloads