Tazhenova S.K., Shomantaev A.A., Mustafayev M.G. ogly. TECHNOLOGY OF IRRIGATION OF FORAGE CROPS IN SORGO WITH A LOW-PRESSURE DRIP SYSTEM IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE KYZYLORDINA REGION

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nsr.jvolsu.2021.4.4

Sandugash K. Tazhenova, Doctoral Student, Department of the Water Management and Land Management, Korkyt Ata Kyzylorda University, Aiteke bi St, 29a, 120014 Kyzylorda, Kazakhstan,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  
Asylkhan A. Shomantaev, Doctor of Sciences (Agriculture), Professor, Department of the Water Management and Land Management, Korkyt Ata Kyzylorda University, Aiteke bi St, 29a, 120014, Kyzylorda, Kazakhstan, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Mustafa Gilman ogly Mustafayev, Doctor of Sciences (Agriculture), Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural History, Head of the Laboratory of Soils Melioration, Institute of Soil Science and Agro Chemistry of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, M. Ragima St, 5, AZ10073 Baku, Azerbaijan,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  


Annotation. The article says that the main increase in the productivity of animal husbandry is to increase the production of feed and improve their quality. This is primarily due to the cultivation in each soil and climate zone of such crops that would provide high-quality and stable yields of forage crops. An alternative to traditional silage crops, such as corn, can be sugar sorghum. This is due to the versatility of its use, drought resistance, heat resistance and high productivity. Sorghum cultivation allows to increase the productivity of arable land and significantly improve the quality of feed in terms of sugar content. Therefore, the relevance of the full-scale study of the elements of the technology of forage crop cultivation, for the conditions of the Kazakh part of the Aral Sea region, is obvious. In the arsenal of the world’s plant resources, sorghum is characterized by the greatest heat and drought resistance, salt tolerance and high yield. To create a unit of dry matter, sorghum consumes almost half of its water. First of all, sorghum has a minimum transpiration coefficient, i.e. the water consumption is a unit of dry matter. For example, sorghum consumes 300 parts of water, and Sudanese grass – 340, corn – 388, wheat – 515, sunflower – 895. The yield of dry matter from sorghum is 30 % higher compared to corn. Sorghum grain contains more than 70-91 % starch and 10.5 % protein, and corn, respectively, 60-75 and 7-15 %. With an intensive type of root system development, sorghum belongs to the xerophytic (drought-resistant) type of plants. Sorghum is the leading crop among most crops due to its ability to tolerate prolonged harsh hydrothermal conditions.

 

Key words: irrigation technology, sorghum, irrigation, irrigation rate, productivity.

Citation. Tazhenova S.K., Shomantaev A.A., Mustafayev M.G. ogly. Technology of Irrigation of Forage Crops in Sorgo with a Low-Pressure Drip System in the Conditions of the Kyzylordina Region. Prirodnye sistemy i resursy [Natural Systems and Resources], 2021, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 37-43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nsr.jvolsu.2021.4.4

 

Лицензия Creative CommonsHorse Ammunition. From the History of a Saddle by Lukyashko S.I. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

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