Anna V. Kholodenko, Aleksandra V. Grebennikova PROSPECTS FOR IMPROVING THE NATURE PROTECTION EFFICIENCY OF THE WILDLIFE PRESERVE OF THE VOLGOGRAD REGION

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nsr.jvolsu.2019.1.7

Anna V. Kholodenko, Candidate of Sciences (Geography), Associate Professor, Department of Ecology and Nature Resources Management, Volgograd State University, prosp. Universitetskiy, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .
Aleksandra V. Grebennikova, Student (Bachelor), Department of Ecology and Nature Resources Management, Volgograd State University, prosp. Universitetskiy, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Abstract. Qualitative assessment of the current and perspective nature protection efficiency of specially protected natural areas as forms of the animals, plants biodiversity conservation directly in habitats and unique landscapes for optimization of territorial conservation is necessary. Environmental efficiency can be an assessment parameter of the completeness of the certain specially protected natural areas implementation, caused by its belonging to a category, the status, natural and ecological features of the territory. The technique developed by WWF of Russia in 2012 and published by M.S. Stishov is effective for such research. An advantage of this technique consists in an opportunity to estimate results in the sphere of conservation for some specially protected natural areas and their regional systems as in the current conditions, and in the long term, including at change ecological situations. Wildlife preserves areas of the Volgograd region which make 15 % of total number of natural protected areas of the region acted as the main object of research and occupy 26 % of the total area of protected areas, belong mainly to a faunal area. The contribution of wildlife preserves to the saving of regional biological and landscape diversity is very significant, especially in the absence of natural sanctuaries as a priority form of territorial conservation in the specially protected natural areas system of the Volgograd region. As a result of research, we estimated values of nature protection relevance, significance and effectiveness of wildlife preserves in the Volgograd region. Factors influencing realization of nature protection function by specially protected natural areas are allocated. The result received can be considered as a basis for plan of increase in the effectiveness of each wildlife preserve of the Volgograd region.
Key words: biodiversity, specially protected natural areas, Volgograd region, wildlife preserve, environmental efficiency.

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