Olga A. Zakharova, Farrukh A. Musaev, Mustafa G. Mustafayev, Dmitry E. Kucher, Farid M. Mustafayev PRODUCTION OF ECOLOGICALLY SAFE PRODUCTS WHEN PROCESSING PLANTS WITH A PREPARATION BASED ON BIOHUMUS

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nsr.jvolsu.2021.2.7

Olga A. Zakharova, Doctor of Sciences (Agriculture), Professor, Ryazan State Agrotechnological University named after P.A. Kostychev, Kostycheva St, 1, 390041 Ryazan, Russian Federation,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  
Farrukh A. Musaev, Doctor of Sciences (Agriculture), Professor, Ryazan State Agrotechnological University named after P.A. Kostychev, Kostycheva St, 1, 390041 Ryazan, Russian Federation,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  
Mustafa G. Mustafayev, Doctor of Sciences (Agriculture), Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Science, Head of the Laboratory of Melioration Soils, Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, M. Ragima St, 5, AZ10073 Baku, Azerbaijan,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  
Dmitry E. Kucher, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Associate Professor, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Miklouho-Maclaya St, 6, 117198 Moscow, Russian Federation,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Farid M. Mustafayev, Researcher, Laboratory of Melioration Soils, Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, M. Ragima St, 5, AZ10073 Baku, Azerbaijan,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Abstract. Biohumus-based preparations are widespread in agricultural production due to the high content of nutrients for plants, which improve their growth and development and, as a result, productivity. GTK indicates sufficient moisture during the growing season, but, given the nature of precipitation, in certain periods, pea plants that are sensitive to moisture, experience a lack of it in the soil and atmospheric air. The research was carried out in the farm Belousov I.V. of Starozhilovsky district. The area of plots is 40 m2. Water for the preparation of the drug solution was taken from a pond located 20 m from the pea field. The object of the study is the seed pea (Pisumsativum), which belongs to the Fabaceae family, the genus Pisum, which forms nodules on metamorphosed roots. As a result, there is a different intensity of nutrient and water consumption in ontogenesis. Watering and spraying pea plants with Humistar preparation made it possible to reliably prove high agronomic and economic efficiency in option 2: activation of enzymes, an increase in the mass of nodules on roots to 69 mg/plant, an improvement in growth to 57 cm and plant development by 5–15 days, an increase in peas yield up to 27,7 dt/ha, accumulation of dry matter in seeds up to 59 g and an increase in the level of profitability up to 80,7%.
Key words: biohumus, Humistar, peas, enzyme activity, mass of nodules, yield.
Citation. Zakharova O.A., Musaev F.A., Mustafayev M.G., Kucher , Mustafayev F.M. Production of Ecologically Safe Products When Processing Plants with a Preparation Based on Biohumus. Prirodnye sistemy i resursy [Natural Systems and Resources], 2021, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 56-65. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nsr.jvolsu.2021.2.7

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