Elena A. Zaliznyak, Sergey V. Zhbannikov, Nataliya V. Morozova LEGAL BASIS FOR INDUSTRIAL SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nsr.jvolsu.2020.4.2

Elena A. Zaliznyak, Senior Lecturer, Department of Ecology and Environmental Management, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Sergey V. Zhbannikov, Associate Professor, Department of Ecology and Environmental Management, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Nataliya V. Morozova, Candidate of Sciences (Engineering), Associate Professor, Department of Ecology and Environmental Management, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Abstract. Industrial enterprises and other business entities whose activities involve direct or indirect impact on environmental components must comply with legal requirements in the field of environmental protection. Over the past 5 years, there have been significant changes in environmental legislation. All objects that have a negative impact on the environment are subject to state registration. When registering an enterprise, it is subject to assignment to one of four categories of objects of negative impact, depending on the industry affiliation, production capacity, chemical composition of emissions, discharges, and other criteria. Currently, legislative innovations are aimed at business development and reducing the administrative burden on business entities, but this creates a threat to the safe operation of industrial facilities. There are more than 340 thousand objects of negative impact on the territory of Russia, of which one third is subject to Federal supervision. According to 2019 data, less than 4% of enterprises had their operational safety audits performed. The detection of violations of the requirements of legislation in the field of environmental protection, as well as failure to eliminate the identified violations, indicates the formation of potential threats to environmental safety. Taking into account the current economic crisis, in which solving environmental problems will not be a priority for business structures, the protection of the population and the natural environment is fully transferred to the state level.

Key words: industrial safety, object of negative impact, environmental legislation, state environmental supervision
Citation. Zaliznyak E.A., Zhbannikov S.V., Morozova N.V. Legal Basis for Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection. Natural Systems and Resources, 2020, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 12-21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nsr.jvolsu.2020.4.2

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