Sabir R. Hasanov, Chimnaz T. Namazova, Zumrud A. Abbaszadeh APPEARANCE OF HETEROSIS IN ONION HYBRIDS OBTAINED ON STERILE BASIS APPLICATED TO CONDITIONS OF AZERBAIJAN

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nsr.jvolsu.2019.2.2

Sabir R. Hasanov, Candidate of Sciences (Biology), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Vegetable and Melon Plants, Genetic Resources Institute of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, prosp. Azadlyg, 155, AZ1106 Baku, Azerbaijan Republic, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .
Chimnaz T. Namazova, Candidate of Sciences (Biology), Associate Professor, Senior Researcher, Genetic Resources Institute of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, prosp. Azadlyg, 155, AZ1106 Baku, Azerbaijan Republic, З This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .
Zumrud A. Abbaszadeh, Doctoral Student, Genetic Resources Institute of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, prosp. Azadlyg, 155, AZ1106 Baku, Azerbaijan Republic, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .


Abstract. The main goal of the study was to obtain hybrids having a heterositic effect using sterile lines of onions (Allium cepa L.) applicated to conditions of Azerbaijan. We used to study a valuable source material from the collection of the National Gene Bank of Azerbaijan. As a result of the combining ability evaluation of the sterile line and the pollinator, the most promising combinations (Arzamas S-1 × Hachmaz Mest, Luganskiy S-2 × Dusti, Arzamas S-2 × Ordubad-2, Luganskiy S-1 × Kaba, Arzamas S-2 × Sabir) were revealed the greatest heterosis efficiency of yield and shelf life quality were selected. The yield of hybrids obtained with the participation of varieties of Arzamas S-1 and Arzamas S-2 and paternal varieties, compared with the Strigunovsky variety, is 17.0–78.0 % higher on average for all the years of testing. The study of the keeping capacity of F1 hybrids showed that almost all of them have a higher keeping capacity than the original varieties. The keeping capacity of hybrids especially increases, the initial varieties of which do not have long-term storage sustainability. So, bulbs of varieties Dustu, Peshpazak, Sabir, Khachmaz mestniy, Ordubad-1 for 180-200 days of storage remained only 26-29 %. Hybrids, obtained with the participation of these varieties; by the end of the study period, the keeping capacity remained at 49.8-88.7 %, i.e. 1.9-3.1 times better. Many F1 hybrids perform heterosis and early maturation, the combinations Arzamas S-2 × Strigunovsky, Arzamas S-2 × Dusti, Arzamas S-1 × Strigunovsky, Lugansky S-2 × Vostochny, Lugansky S-2 × Dusti, Arzamas S-1 × Khachmaz mestniy, Luganskiy S-1 × Kabo were more early matured than the standard for 14-18 days.

Key words: cytoplasmic male sterility, hybrids, heterosis, yield, sterile line.

 Лицензия Creative CommonsHorse Ammunition. From the History of a Saddle by Lukyashko S.I. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

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