Nadezhda S. Kuragina, Victoria S. Samokish MYCOBIOTA IN CEMETERIAL AREAS OF VOLGOGRAD CITY

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/nsr.jvolsu.2019.3.4

Nadezhda S. Kuragina, Senior Lecturer, Department of Biology, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .
Victoria S. Samokish, Student, Department of Biology, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .


Abstract. Cemeterial areas are an integral part of any urban ecosystem. The flora of cemeteries is diverse due to the large number of introduced species. This fact also implies species diversity in the macromycete biota, which is of interest for further study. Until now, special studies of mycobiota in cemeteries in Volgograd have not been conducted. We have examined three cemeteries in different districts of Volgograd City. Mushroom collection has been carried out by the route method from September to November 2019. To identify the samples we have applied standard light microscopy methods in the laboratory of Experimental biology of Volgograd State University using the guides of wellknown mycologists. Nikon D3500 SLR camera was used for shooting mushrooms. The collected species are stored in the Mycological herbarium of Volgograd State University. As a result we present an annotated list of cemeteria fungi, including 17 species, such as Agaricus arvensis Schaeff., A. xanthodermus Genev., Auricularia mesenterica (Dicks.) Pers., Coprinellus micaceus (Bull.) Vilgalys, Hopple et Jacq. Johnson, Crucibulum laeve (Huds.) Kambly, Hydroporus marginellus (Pers.) Singer, Lepista personata (Fr.) Cooke, Lycoperdon perlatum Pers., Mycena ssp., Myriostoma coliforme (Dicks.) Corda, Phellinus pomaceus (Pers.) Maire, Pilatotrama ljubarskyi (Pilát) Zmitrovich, Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq.) P. Kumm., Psathyrella conopilea (Fr.) A. Pearson et Dennis, Pseudoclitocybe cyathiformis (Bull.) Singer, Stropharia melanosperma (Bull.) Gillet, Tulostoma brumale Pers. Each annotation includes the date of collection, data on habitats and substrates inhabited by the species, as well as the occurrence of the species. The last index states ‘rare’ if we have no more than 5 finds, ‘often’ – 6–20 finds, ‘frequent’ – 21–50 finds, and ‘very often’ – more than 50 finds. The trophic analysis of the macromycete composition has revealed that all the found species belong to the saprotrophic group. Among them, the largest number of species was recorded on dry and dead wood (10 species). The further research of the diversity of fungi in these areas is necessary.

Key words: cemeterial areas, Kirovsky district, Central district, Traktorozavodsky district, Volgograd, mycobiota,
taxonomic analysis, mycological herbarium.

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