Sroslova G.A., Postnova M.V., Zimina Yu.A. Features of Adaptation of Living Organisms

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu11.2017.4.5

 
Galina A. Sroslova
Candidate of biological sciences, Associate professor, Department of
bioengineering and bioinformatics, Volgograd State University,
prosp. Universitetskij, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 
Margarita V. Postnova
Doctor of biological sciences, Senior researcher, Head of the department of bioengineering and bioinformatics, Volgograd State University, 
prosp. Universitetskij, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 
Yuliya A. Zimina
Candidate of chemistry, Associate professor, Department of bioengineering and bioinformatics, Volgograd State University,
prosp. Universitetskij, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 
 
Abstract. The article is a literature review devoted to the study of biochemical adaptations of animals and 
microorganisms to changing environmental conditions. The analysis of biochemical methods for the study of 
adaptation mechanisms at the level of the whole organism, individual organs, enzymatic systems is important for 
carrying out scientific searches in the field of biochemistry, environmental medicine and other branches. Biochemical 
methods for studying adaptation mechanisms at the level of the whole organism, individual organs, cellular organelles 
and enzymatic systems are important for carrying out scientific searches in the field of biochemistry, environmental 
medicine and other branches. These methods determine the qualitative and quantitative identity of metabolic 
functions, gas exchange processes, the constancy of the intracellular environment (necessary for the functional 
activity of the macromolecule), and the use of available energy sources. With their help, it is possible to determine 
the boundaries of adaptive abilities, the phase of the impact of a factor (adaptation, predathology, pathology) and, 
on the basis of this, draw conclusions about the degree of resistance and sensitivity of species. Aspects of 
biochemical adaptation indicate that they are the key to adaptive features of living organisms to the conditions of 
stress, which may be various environmental factors.
Key words: adaptation, ecology, living organisms, bacteria, biochemical indicators, environment, stress, heat shock, process, “internalized” mechanisms, microorganisms, enzymes, ecological monitoring, hydrobionts, metabolism, irritants, modifiers, toxic substances, temperature.
Лицензия Creative Commons
Произведение « Features of Adaptation of Living Organisms» созданное автором по имени Sroslova G.A., Postnova M.V., Zimina Yu.A., публикуется на условиях лицензии Creative Commons С указанием авторства 4.0 Всемирная.
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