Barmin A.N., Glagolev S.B., Grachev D.S., Iolin M.M. Specially Protected Areas and Ecological Tourist Activity

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu11.2017.1.3

Aleksandr N. Barmin
 
Doctor of Geographical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of 
Ecology of Nature Management, Land Development and Life Security, Astrakhan State University,
Shaumyana Sq., 1, 414056 Astrakhan, Russian Federation,
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Stanislav B. Glagolev
Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Director, Bogdinsko-Baskunchakskiy State
Natural Reserve,
mkrn. Melioratorov, 19-1, 416501 Akhtubinsk, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 
Denis S. Grachev
Student, Faculty of Geology and Geography, Astrakhan State University,
Shaumyana Sq., 1, 414056 Astrakhan, Russian Federation,
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Mikhail M. Iolin
Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of Department
of Geography, Cartography and Geoinformatics, Astrakhan State University, Shaumyana Sq., 1, 414056 Astrakhan, Russian Federation,
 
Abstract. Ecological tourism in especially protected natural territories has a high potential for their development. The ecotourism is designed to satisfy, on the one hand, the human need for communication with the nature, studying the culture, and, on the other hand, to solve economic and nature protection problems of the remote regions. Tendencies of development of ecotourism are determined by the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) according to which forecasting this type of tourism is among the main strategic directions of world development for the period till 2020. According to expert evaluations, the quantity of the population anxious with the state of nature, continuously grows. Ecological tourism and its principles reflect a concept of sustainable development: preserving the ethnographic status of the entertaining territory, preserving the entertaining natural territories biological diversity; increasing the level of economic stability and ecological culture of participants ecological and tourist activities. This industry is capable to create outer positive effects: it doesn’t lead to physical destruction of
biological resources; it assumes growth of educational level of tourists and the population of the host country; it gives the chance of real attraction of the equity for development of reserves. The rich natural heritage, a variety of flora and fauna represent unique opportunities for development of ecotourism in Russia.
Key words: ecological tourism, reserve, management, development, economic profit.
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