Pavlovskii A.A. ABOUT TOWN-PLANNING FEATURES OF PLACEMENT OF CLIMATIC STATIONS ON THE TERRITORY OF THE LARGEST RUSSIAN CITIES

Artem Alexandrovich Pavlovskii

PhD,
Head of Department of Urban Environmental Justification of Development St. Petersburg Territories
Engineering Infrastructure Division
State “Research and Design Center of St. Petersburg Master Plan”
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Zodchego Rossi St., 1-3, 191023 Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation


 

Abstract. Modern town-planning design provides a sustainable development of territories based on documents of territorial planning and town-planning zoning taking into account ecological, economic, social and other factors. Modern climate changes are one of the main threats for a sustainable development of the cities in the XXI century. The climatic data obtained from stationary points of observations are the most important source of information about dynamics of global warming. Historically the system of hydrometeorological supervision developed in the cities – the centers of concentration of various branches of economy and scientific knowledge. At city stations the most long and continuous ranks of climatic information are saved up. Development of the urbanized territories around meteorological stations repeatedly led to change of their location in planning structure of the cities. Results of the town-planning analysis of an arrangement of climatic stations in planning structure of the Russian megalopolises are given in article. Characteristics of master plans of the cities regarding functional zoning of territories of placement of meteorological stations are submitted. The description of the actual land use in security zones of meteorological stations is executed. The retrospective of requirements for restriction of development of the climatic stations adjoining in security zones is given. The historical analysis of movement of meteorological stations across the territory of the russian megalopolises is made.

Key words: modern climate changes, climatic station, security zone, territorial planning, territorial zoning, sustainable development, urbanized territories, megalopolis.

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