Gaifullin N.M. CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF BONE REMODELING DUE TO EXTERNAL OVERLOAD AND UNDER CONDITIONS OF TITAN IMPLANT OSSEOINTEGRATION

Nurshat Minullaevich Gaifullin

PhD in Medicine, Associate Professor, Department of Physiology and General Pathology, Fundamental Medicine Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University
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Prosp. Lomonosovskiy, 31, Bd. 5, 119192 Moscow, Russian Federation


 

Abstract. The goal of article concludes to describe the remodeling of the femur, caused by two processes: the increased strain on supporting tissue as a result of anterior cruciate ligament transection and stimulation by installation of endosseous titanium implants with a porous bioactive coating. The process is traced through 4, 8 and 12 weeks in 28 adult Wistar rats. To characterize the bone remodeling the classical methods of histology and morphometry as well as immune histochemistry to reveal osteonectin, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, endothelial marker СD31, matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2, MMP-9, and its tissue inhibitor TIMP-1, were used with necessary morphometrics. The study showed for bone remodelling caused by implants with a porous bioactive coating, to be superior to a similar process under conditions of overload on the bone after transection of the anterior cruciate ligament by its intensity and dynamics. This indicates a high osteoinductive effect of bioactive coating that allows not only to achieve full osseointegration, but also to stimulate a process of intensive remodeling of adjacent cancellous bone. The cooperative participation of cell populations as osteoblasts/osteocytes, osteoclasts, and endothelial cells with characteristic parallel intensive expression of matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2, MMP-9 and their tissue inhibitor TIMP-1, used to be main characteristics of bone remodeling in these conditions.

Key words: bone, intraosseous implant, ostecyte, osteoclast, matrix metalloproteinases, acid phosphatase, osteocytic remodeling.

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Gaifullin N.M. CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF BONE REMODELING DUE TO EXTERNAL OVERLOAD AND UNDER CONDITIONS OF TITAN IMPLANT OSSEOINTEGRATION by Gaifullin N.M. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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