Sevryukova G.A., Kartushina Yu.N., Bocharova I.A. Environmental and Physiological Aspects of Adaptation of Foreign Students Studying in Russia (on the Example of the Volgograd Region)

DOI 10.15688/jvolsu11.2015.4.2

 
Galina Aleksandrovna Sevryukova
Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor,
Department of Industrial Ecology and Life Safety,
Volgograd State Technical University
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Prosp. Lenina, 28, 400005 Volgograd, Russian Federation
 
Yuliya Nikolaevna Kartushina
Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Industrial Ecology and Life Safety,
Volgograd State Technical University
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Prosp. Lenina, 28, 400005 Volgograd, Russian Federation
 
Inna Anatolyevna Bocharova
Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Biology,
Volgograd State University
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Рrosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

Abstract. One of the most powerful factors of environment that has impact on human body, is low temperature. The degree of its influence depends on the area, containment of the cooling surface of the body, the duration and power of exposure, as well as a number of related factors (humidity of atmospheric air, speed of movement). The ability of thermoregulation in humans provides a constant temperature of the body within certain limits of temperature fluctuations of the environment. These fluctuations are not the same for different people. An important role is played by the individual endurance to cold at the same ambient temperature. The ability to maintain homeostatic temperature balance in the system “organism-environment” is one of the most important features of a living system. The article considers the specifics of adaptation of students from warm countries to the climatic conditions of the Volgograd region. The authors describe the climatic characteristics of the Volgograd region. The weather in winter is characterized by the cyclones, which cause heavy snowfalls, blizzards, strong winds up to 13-18 m/s, temperature decrease (to – 28°С).The article presents the results of the evaluation of the average temperature of the body, the parameters of physical development, data cold test. Increasing the average body temperature after the winter period shows the developing process of adapting the body of international students. At the same time the negative reaction to the cold test was revealed with greater manifestations of students from Turkmenistan. It indicates the presence of adverse reactions and the formation of the difficulties of adaptation processes.
Key words: adaptation, health, foreign students, climate, Volgograd region, cold test.
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Environmental and Physiological Aspects of Adaptation of Foreign Students Studying in Russia (on the Example of the Volgograd Region) by Sevryukova G.A., Kartushina Yu.N., Bocharova I.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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