Suprunchuk I.P. Historical and Geographical Features of Terrorist Activity in the World

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu11.2015.3.8

 
Ilya Pavlovich Suprunchuk
Assistant Professor, Department of Social and Economic Geography, Geoinformatics and Tourism, North-Caucasus Federal University
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Pushkina St., 1, 355009 Stavropol, Russian Federation
 

Abstract. The article deals with the problem of terrorism as a global security. In a study of terrorism the historical and geographical approach is applied. By the beginning of the 21st century, terrorism has become a global threat to security for all countries, leading to mass casualties, economic damage and political instability. Analysis of the global historical and geographical patterns is one of the most important aspects of the study of the contemporary phenomenon of terrorism. It allows you to better understand the mechanisms of terrorist activities and identify its spatial changes over the long run. The article deals with the historical and geographical features of terrorism in the world and contains the data on the first manifestations of terrorism in various regions of the world. The first premise of terrorism was the emergence of the state, on the one hand, and the presence of a politically active population, on the other hand. The author presents the main factors of such manifestations and the basic historical stages of development of terrorism, since the 18th century. On the basis of the selected stages, the territorial changes of terrorist activities in the world are investigated. Also, the basic directions of terrorist activities, such as a separatist, radical religious, “left” radical and others are described. In compliance with the proposed stages of terrorist activity, the ratio of these directions at different times and in different regions of the world is analyzed.
 
Key words: terrorist activity, terrorism, national security, history of terrorism, geography of terrorism.
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Historical and Geographical Features of Terrorist Activity in the World by Suprunchuk I.P. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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