Bazunova M.V., Zaikov G.E., Zakharov V.P., Zhukova A.N. The Biological Activity of Citrus Pectin, Succinate of Chitosan, and Their Derivates as Film-Forming Components of the Composition for Seed Pre-Treatment

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu11.2015.1.1
 
Bazunova Marina Viktorovna
Сandidate of Chemical Sciences, Assistant Professor, Department of Macromolecular Compounds and General Chemical Technology, Bashkir State University
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Zaikov Gennadiy Efremovich
Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Head of Department of Polymers, Specialist in the Field of Physical Chemistry of Polymers, Institute of Biochemical Physics named after N.M. Emanuel, Russian Academy of Sciences
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Zakharov Vadim Petrovich
Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor, Vice-Rector for Research, Head of Department of Macromolecular Compounds and General Chemical Technology, Bashkir State University
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Zhukova Alina Nasimovna
Student, Department of Macromolecular Compounds and General Chemical Technology, Bashkir State University
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Abstract. The article deals with the possibility of using pectin and chitosan, and their
water-soluble derivatives as film-forming compositions for pre-treatment of seed crops. The authors of the present research investigate the different methods of destructing the watersoluble polysaccharides of natural origin – citrus pectin and succinate of chitosan – (by means of acid gydrolysis and radical-chain destruction) for receiving low-molecular homologues. It is revealed that the dynamic viscosity of the solutions of pectin and succinate of chitosan in case of acid hydrolysis, and in case of radical-chain degradation, is reduced drastically in the first 60-70 minutes of the process. It is shown that 0,001 % solutions of pectin and succinate of chitosan degradation products have a positive impact on the energy growth of Ekada-70 and Bashkirskaya wheat seed varieties. The optimum concentration of degradation products of citrus pectin and chitosan succinate as part of film-forming composition for seed pre-treatment is 0,001 %.
Key words: means of plant protection, citrus pectin, succinate of chitosan, destruction, seed pre-treatment, dynamic viscosity.

Лицензия Creative Commons
Произведение «THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF CITRUS PECTIN, SUCCINATE OF CHITOSAN, AND THEIR DERIVATES AS FILM-FORMING COMPONENTS OF THE COMPOSITION FOR SEED PRE-TREATMENT» созданное автором по имени Bazunova M.V., Zaikov G.E., Zakharov V.P., Zhukova A.N., публикуется на условиях лицензии Creative Commons «Attribution» («Атрибуция») 4.0 Всемирная.

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